Low Frequency Inverter Knowledge
In order to convert DC into alternating current, low frequency inverter is used. The current supplied by utility companies is referred to as alternating current (AC). The use of low frequency inverters and high frequency inverters and the benefits you derive from them depending on the circumstance in which they are used and the amount of DC power available.
AC is required for the operation of electronic appliances at home. The primary function of a frequency inverter is to convert the current into an alternating current and convert one frequency to another. Solar energy has enormous potential, which is being recognized by professionals in the field.
It is possible for society to save on electricity bills while also continuing to use solar power on an uninterrupted basis. Solar panels have the ability to create green energy, despite the fact that they require a solar panel inverter. Solar panel inverters convert direct current electricity into alternating current electricity.
There are two main varieties for industrial grade inverters, which can be identified by the transformers’ size and their transistors switching speed, respectively. Pumps, torque-related equipment, and motors all produce electrical surges that require an inverter to be able to absorb.
The quantity of iron content in transformers determines the inverters’ ability to absorb these surges. According to the tolerances and sizes of the transistors that are utilized during inversion, as well as their operating speed, they are classified as low or high frequency, respectively.
For the most part, inverters can be divided into two categories: low-frequency inverters and high-frequency inverters. They each have their own set of distinguishing characteristics and advantages.
What is a Low Frequency Inverter?
Low frequency inverter has a variety of characteristics and functions. Low-frequency inverters use transistors to transform direct current (DC) into alternating current (AC). Their transistors are turned on and off approximately 120 times.
This occurs in a single second of the AC cycle. Their topography is the most straightforward of all inverter designs, although it is restricted to the production of modified square wave and square wave alternating current. The large size and weight of this inverter can help you identify what type of inverter you have.
The inverter is heavy due to the presence of a low-frequency transformer, but the components are highly rugged and reliable. One of the most advantageous aspects of this design is that its transformer provides DC to AC separation while simultaneously preventing potential transistor damage.
In addition, because the low-frequency inverters’ topography is straightforward, their efficiency remains high when there are low power levels. This means that there is absolutely no loss in both the transformer and transistor.
What is a High Frequency Inverter?
High-frequency inverters make up a large portion of inverters obtainable from the retail market. Most of the time, these systems are less expensive and have a lesser industrial load tolerance than other types of systems. A high-frequency converter has more components than a low-frequency converter and uses multiple, tinier transformers.
Its application is suitable for a wide range of applications such as small appliances, tool battery charging, computers, and A/V; however, it has a reduced capacity when subjected to high loads of surges for an extended period, such as motors, pumps, and high-torque equipment.
In most cases, the surge capacity or power of a high-frequency inverter is approximately twice as large as the normal output of the inverter, which is a common practice. For high-frequency inverters, this means that when the output rating of the inverter reads 2,000 watts, the output rating will normally be 4,000 watts. Most loads, especially those that are executing electronic loads, should be able to withstand a surge twice the normal amount.
However, when it comes to high-frequency inverters, we frequently run into difficulties when beginning huge motors and loads that start overloads, such as pumps, compressors, and other similar equipment.
So, if you use an inverter rated at, say, 4,500 watts surge and you’re trying to start a 2000 watts compressor, it’s possible that the pump will overheat. Consequently, motors under stress may necessitate the use of such a surge for a while. Something to think about there: in order to properly size an inverter before making a purchase, you must first determine what sort of equipment you will be running.
Low Frequency Inverter vs. High-Frequency Inverter, which is better?
A Low frequency inverter is better than a high-frequency inverter for two reasons: peak power and reliability, both of which are essential factors in power generation. Compared to high-frequency inverters, a low-frequency inverter has been designed to withstand higher power surges for a more extended period.
In actuality, a low-frequency inverter can function at a peak energy level that can be up to three times their normal power for a few seconds. In contrast, a high-frequency inverter can function at a maximum energy level that can be twice their normal energy level for less than a second.
In terms of reliability, a low-frequency inverter relies on powerful transformers that are more sturdy and durable than a high-frequency inverter, which depends on MOSFETs that use power switching and are more likely to fail, particularly when operating at high power levels.
Furthermore, a low-frequency inverter is equipped with a variety of technical capabilities and features that are lacking in the majority of high-frequency inverters.
The advantages of Low Frequency Inverters and High Frequency Inverters
- Small standby power
- High efficiency
- Smaller footprint
- Less expensive
- It runs quite properly with the high surge loads
- Operates much cooler
- More reliable
- It has a more impact resistance
The disadvantages of Low-Frequency Inverter and High-Frequency Inverter
- The impact resistance and load capacity are weaker than the low-frequency inverter.
- It doesn’t operate well with high-surge loads like pumps and high-torque tools
What is a Pure Sine Wave Inverter?
When it comes to inverters, pure sine wave inverters are usually the most costly option available. This is because they generate alternating current power that matches a real sine wave, like the power from a wall outlet. A pure sine wave is a smooth, recurrent oscillation that is steady and continuous throughout its duration.
In terms of functionality, pure sine wave inverters can power any equipment designed to operate on pure sine waves. All devices powered by a pure sine wave inverter operate according to their specifications. Additionally, some devices only work on pure sine wave inverters, and if you attempt to use them with different inverters, you run the risk of causing damage and malfunction.
Benefits of using a pure sine wave inverter
Keeping power loss to a bare minimum to keep your electric bill from rising. Keep in mind that an ineffective power backup system will have an impact on your power bill. However, it is the most effective way to convert stored energy into ac for your devices and appliances.
Reducing the likelihood of appliance or device damage as a result of the modified sine-wave frequency.
When a sine wave is produced, the power supply goes up and down with a fluidly switching phase angle, and the polarity of the wave changes instantly when the voltage crosses zero volts. The sudden and unexpected voltage fluctuation and a change in phase angle are all characteristics of a modified sine wave.
The voltage remains at zero Volts for a while and then changes its polarity. Because of the modified sine wave, any appliance or device that relies on circuitry control that detects the phase or abrupt 0 voltage crossing will fail to function properly when supplied with a modified sine wave voltage.
With clean power and very low noise, the waveform produced by a pure sine wave solar inverter resembles that of normal electricity, which is extremely important for your equipment to operate properly.
Motors and microwaves, for example, operate at a quieter, faster, and cooler rate when using inductive loads.
Pure sine-wave minimizes electrical and audible noise in a variety of electronic devices such as fluorescent lights, fans, audio amplifiers, televisions, answering machines, and fax machines. It helps to prevent strange printouts, display glitches, and computer crashes.
Pure sine wave output power, which is purer than grid power, ensures that all office appliances are completely safe to operate under these conditions. In comparison to other inverters, a pure sine wave solar inverter provides much higher reliability. In addition, it allows sensitive equipment such as high-capacity fridges and air conditioners to continue operating safely.
When should you choose Low-Frequency Pure Sine Wave Inverter?
Devices that need low-frequency pure sine wave inverters include:
- Appliances such as compressors, microwaves or refrigerators, or any other machines that have AC motors.
- Other appliances, such as some battery chargers, light dimmers, and bread makers.
- Audio and video devices, satellite systems
- Some medical equipment, like oxygen concentrators and a large number of CPAP devices
- Low-frequency pure sine wave inverters ensure that everything will function and perform to its maximum capacity and functionality.
If you are looking for a reliable low-frequency solar inverters manufacturer in China, welcome to contact VOKEK, we can offer you OEM/ODM order support if you want to design and make your own pure sine wave solar inverters. VOKEK is one of the leading solar product manufacturers in China with over 15 years of experience, we have well-trained sales and technical team to satisfy your demands. We sincerely invite you to join us to get greater success in the solar business together.